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Rabu, Januari 28, 2009

Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park

. Rabu, Januari 28, 2009

Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park has a sub-type ecosystem montana, montana and the sub-alphin trees that are large and hundreds of years.

Some types of plants found in the National Park Bromo Tengger Semeru such jamuju (Dacrycarpus imbricatus), mountain pine (Casuarina sp.), Eidelweis (Anaphalis javanica), various types of orchids and rare type of grass (Styphelia pungieus).

There are about 137 types of birds, 22 kinds of mammals and 4 types of reptilia in this national park

Rare and protected animals listed in the national parks are mongoose (Pardofelis marmorata), deer (Cervus timorensis), long tail monkeys (Macaca fascicularis), deer (Muntiacus muntjak), forest red chicken (Gallus gallus), spotted tiger (Panthera pardus), ajag (Cuon alpinus), and various types of birds such as birds alap-alap (Accipiter virgatus), rangkong (Buceros rhinoceros silvestris), bido serpent eagle (Spilornis cheela bido), black srigunting (Dicrurus macrocercus), eagle bondol (Haliastur indus), and grouse that live in Ranu Pani, Ranu Regulo, and Ranu Kumbolo.

National Park Bromo Tengger Semeru is the only conservation area in Indonesia, which has a unique form of sea sand covering 5,250 hectares, which is located at an altitude of ± 2100 meters above sea level.

In the sea of sand found seven central eruption in two paths that criss-cross from the east-west and northeast-southwest. From the northeast-southwest this is the show which includes Mount Bromo volcano is active at any time can remove smoke explosion and threatening human life in the surrounding areas (± 3500 inhabitants).

Mount Bromo has a crater with a diameter ± 800 meters (north-south) and ± 600 meters (east-west). While the danger area a circle with the fingers 4 km from the center of Bromo crater.

Tengger tribe that is located in the vicinity of national parks is a native tribe who are Hindu. According to legend, ethnic origin from the Majapahit kingdom of self-exile. Uniquely, see people around (Su-ku Tengger) does not appear to have a sense of fear although menge Mount Bromo-know-ya that berbaha, including many tourists who visit the National Park Bromo Tengger Semeru Kasodo at the ceremony.

Volcanic explosion on the top of Mount Semeru

Kasodo ceremony held every year (December / January) at the full moon. Through the ceremony, the Tengger tribe seeking to harvest the abundant or reject the request troops and healing of various diseases, namely how to present the offering to cast the crater of Mount Bromo, while the other must Tengger crater and down the cliffs to reach to catch the offerings thrown into crater, as omen blessing from the Almighty.

Seizing attraction is offering a very interesting and challenging as well as egregious. Not uncommon for them to fall in the crater.

Some locations / objects of interest to visit:
Cemorolawang. One of the entrance to the national park that many visitors from afar to see the carpet of sand and sea crater Bromo, and camping.
Sand Sea and Mount Bromo Tengger. Equestrian and mountain climbing stairs and through Bromo sunrise view.
Pananjakan. Panoramic view of nature mountain Bromo, Mount Batok and Mount Semeru.
Ranu Pani, Ranu Regulo, Ranu Kumbolo Peak and Mount Semeru. Lake is always cold and foggy (± 2200 m. dpl) are often used as a transit climber Mount Semeru (3,676 m. dpl).
Ranu Darungan. Camping, observation animals / plants and a captivating panorama of nature.

Best season visits: June until October and December until January.
How well a location: Pasuruan Dowo-Public-Tosari-Wonokitri-Mount Bromo car with 71 km distance, Malang-Overlapping-hut Klakah-Jemplang-Mount Bromo car with 53 km distance, and Jemplang-Ranu Pani, Ranu Kumbolo, 16 km. Or from Malang-Purwodadi-Nongkojajar-Tosari-Wonokitri-climbing about 83 km. From Medan to Ranu Pani car about 70 minutes, followed a walk to Puncak Semeru about 13 minutes.


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