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Rabu, Januari 28, 2009

Karimunjawa National Park

. Rabu, Januari 28, 2009

Karimunjawa National Park is a group of 27 islands that has a type of ecosystem lowland rain forest, yet the, algae, forests, beaches, mangrove forests and coral reefs.

Plants that are characteristic of the National Park Karimunjawa dewodaru (Crystocalyx macrophyla) located in the lowland rain forest. Groups of algae that can be found consists of three groups, namely green algae, brown algae, and red algae. Forests and coastal mangrove forest characterized with the Ketapang (Terminalia cattapa), sea pine (Casuarina equisetifolia), teak sand (Scaerota frustescens), setigi (Strebus asper), waru sea (Hibiscus tiliaceus), and black mangrove (Rhizophora mucronata).

Types of coral reefs in the National Park is a coral reef Karimunjawa beach / edge (fringing reef), coral reef barrier (barrier reef) and several taka (patch reef). Property type genus reached 51, more than 90 types of coral and 242 species of ornamental fish. Two types of biota that is the root of the protected Bahar / black coral (Antiphates spp.) And red coral (Tubipora musica).

Other marine biota is protected as head goat (Cassis cornuta), triton trumpet (Charonia tritonis), hollow nautilus (Nautilus pompillius), rock fight (Turbo marmoratus), and 6 types of kima.

Diversity of land animals in national parks is not too high compared with the animals. Animals found common ground that, among other deer (Cervus timorensis subspec), long tail monkeys (Macaca fascicularis karimondjawae); 40 types of birds such as green pergam (Ducula aenea), white belly sea eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster), trocokan / merbah cerukcuk (Pycnonotus goiavier ), parakeet (Psittacula alexandri), turtle shell (Eretmochelys imbricata), green turtle (Chelonia mydas), and snakes edhor. Sea eagle and white belly of the animals are endangered in the world.

Kemujan around the island there is a dead ship is sinking INDONO Panama in 1955, which at the time this is a habitat for reef fish and the location is suitable for diving (wreck diving).

Cluster of islands, amounting to 27 pieces, five pieces of which have been uninhabited islands, namely Pulau Karimunjawa, Kemujan island, Pulau Parang, Island Mosquitoes, and Genting Island. Karimunjawa island became the center of the district is ± 83 km from Jepara City (the center of the famous wood carving in Indonesia).

The name comes from the era of Karimunjawa Sunan Muria is one of the leaders spreader Islam. Sunan Muria see islands in Karimunjawa very uncertain of Java (kremun-kremun Soko Jowo). Sunan-defection defection Nyamplungan / Amir Hasan (son of Sunan Muria), such as catfish (Clarias meladerma) without shaft, burying Nyamplungan, wood dewodaru, sentigi, kalimosodo, and snakes edhor, dikeramatkan by Karimunjawa population.

Some locations / objects of interest to visit:
Small island Menjangan, Menjangan Besar, Tanjung Gelam, Legon Lele, Genting, Twin, Parang, and Cemara Krakal. Maritime tourism such as sailing, water surfing, water skiing, swimming, sunbathing on the white sand beaches, camping, cultural tours, observation as well as deer and birds dive / snorkeling. Package tours to visit the islands can contact the travel agency in Semarang / Jepara (one to tour with the seven days).

Cultural attractions outside the national parks and Lomban Durian Festival in January / March in Jepara.

Visit best season: April until October each year.

How well a location: Semarang, Jepara using buses for 1.5 hours, Jepara (Port Kartini) Karimunjawa with the increased fery / motor boat with a long trip ± 6 hours, and there is only one time in a week (Monday). From Semarang (Achmad Yani Airport) to the island Kemujan (Bandar Dewodaru) with the aircraft, once in a week (for the flight path is not activated).

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